Mandatory (compliance) markets are governed by national, regional, or provincial law and compel emission sources to meet greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction targets. Because compliance programme offset credits are generated and traded for regulatory compliance, they typically act like other commodity pricing.
Voluntary carbon markets enable carbon emitters to offset their unavoidable emissions by acquiring carbon credits generated by initiatives aimed at removing or decreasing GHG emissions from the environment. Companies can engage in the voluntary carbon market on their own or as part of an industry-wide programme.
The data below could be delayed by as much as 24 hours.
EU ETS is the European carbon credit contract which is exchange traded. It is a Futures contract for the purposes of trading and delivering EUAs (European Union Allowances—the official name for the region’s emission allowances). One EUA allows the holder to emit one tonne of CO2 or CO2 equivalent greenhouse gas.
Known simply as the California Cap and Trade Program, CCA Futures is the physically delivered greenhouse gas emissions allowances for the California Carbon Allowance (CCA) program. One CCA credit represents one metric tonne of CO2 equivalent under California Assembly Bill 32 'California Global Warming Solutions Act of 2006'.
GEO’s futures contracts follow the International Civil Aviation Organisation’s CORSIA standard. These carbon offsets come from three major registries—Verra, the American Carbon Registry, and the Climate Action Reserve. Because it is based on high-quality carbon credits that adhere to the international aviation industry standard for emissions offsetting. They are sometimes referred to as 'Aviation Industry Carbon Offsets'.
N-GEO futures contracts are comprised of Nature-Based offsets projects from the Verra registry—projects that fall under the Agriculture, Forestry, or Other Land Use (AFOLU) categories. Nature-based solutions can provide valuable contributions to biodiversity, but it’s also often considered more difficult to accurately verify the amount of carbon actually offset in nature-based projects.